Research Ethics Committee Regulations
Enacted Sep. 1, 2007Article 1 (Purpose) The purpose of these regulations is to present the standards of research ethics to be observed in the publication of 『Chonbuk Law Review』 published by the Jeonbuk National University Law Research Institute (hereinafter referred to as the "Institute") and the conduct of research belonging to the Institute's business and to establish measures and procedures for violations of research ethics.
Revised Sep. 1, 2009
Complete Revision Sep. 28, 2019
Revised Sep. 1, 2009
Complete Revision Sep. 28, 2019
Article 2 (Subject) These regulations shall apply to research results published in 『Chonbuk Law Review』 and other publications issued by the Institute.
Article 3 (Scope of Research Misconduct) The research misconduct referred to in these regulations is as follows.
- 1. “Fabrication” is the act of falsely making, recording, or reporting non-existent raw research or research data, or research results.
- 2. “Falsification” is the act of distorting research details or results by artificially manipulating research materials, equipment, processes, etc., or arbitrarily transforming or deleting raw data or research data.
- 3. “Plagiarism” is the act of making a third party recognize someone else’s work as one’s own by using someone else’s original idea or creation without properly indicating the source.
- A. In the case all or part of the research content of others is used without indicating the source
- B. In the case the word or sentence structure of someone else’s work is partially modified and used without indicating the source
- C. In the case someone else's original idea, etc., are used without indicating the source
- D. In the case someone else's work is used without indicating the source
- 4. “Inappropriate indication of authorship” refers to not granting authorship without justifiable reasons to those who have contributed to the research or its results, or the act of granting authorship to a person who has not contributed as an expression of appreciation or courtesy, as in the following.
- A. In the case that authorship is granted to a person who has no contribution to the research or its results
- B. In the case that authorship is not granted to a person who has contributed to the research or its results
- C. In the case of publishing or presenting a student advisee's dissertation in an academic journal, etc., under the sole name of the faculty advisor
- 5. “Unfair redundant publication” refers to the act in which a researcher publishes the same or substantially similar work as his or her previous research results without indicating the source, and then receives research funds or an unfair advantage, such as the latter work being recognized as a separate research achievement.
- 6. “Inappropriate redundant publication” refers to the act in which a researcher publishes the same or substantially similar work as his or her previous research results without indicating the source, and then receives research funds or an unfair advantage, such as the latter work being recognized as a separate research achievement.
- 7. Other acts that seriously deviate from the range generally accepted in each academic field.
- ① Research misconduct shall be judged by comprehensively considering the "Guidelines for Securing Research Ethics" at the time of the act, the universal standard at the time of such regulation and the act, whether the act is ethically or legally reprehensible in the academic field to which the researcher belongs, the intention, quantity, and quality of results of research misconduct, practices and characteristics of the academia, and the profits gained through research misconduct.
- ② If trying to judge the "acts that seriously deviate from the range generally accepted in each academic field" as defined in Subparagraph 7 of Article 3, consideration must be given to whether the institution to which the researcher belongs, such as a university, stipulates prohibited acts or whether the perception of misconduct is widespread in the academia to which the researcher belongs.
Article 5 (Composition of the Research Ethics Committee)
- ① The Institute shall establish a Research Ethics Committee to investigate and judge research misconduct, process objections, take measures against research misconduct, arbitrate and mediate conflicts or disputes related to research misconduct, and for the reviewing and resolution of other matters related to research ethics.
- ② The Research Ethics Committee consists of a total of five (5) members, including three (3) members of the Institute and two (2) external scholars.
- ③ The Chairperson shall be elected by the Committee and appointed by the Jeonbuk National University Research Institute Director (hereinafter referred to as the "Director").
- ④ The Committee shall decide on a resolution with the attendance of a majority of the members and an agreement from a majority of the members present.
- ⑤ The term of office of the Chairperson and members shall be two (2) years and he or she may be reappointed.
- ⑥ The Institute may pay certain allowances to the Chairperson and members who participated in the activities of the Research Ethics Committee.
- ① If there is a report on a violation of research ethics or there is a reasonable reason to admit a violation of research ethics, the Director shall decide whether to conduct a main investigation on the violation of research ethics in consultation with the Chairperson (hereinafter referred to as "Preliminary Investigation").
- ② The Preliminary Investigation must be completed within one (1) month from the time when a report on research ethics violation is received or when it is found that there is a substantial reason to admit the research ethics violation, except in special circumstances.
- ③ The Director shall notify the reporter when he or she decides not to conduct the main investigation, and notify the reporter and the person under investigation when he decides to conduct the main investigation.
- ④ When notifying under the preceding paragraph, the Director must be careful not to disclose the personal information of the reporter and inform the person under investigation of the rights that he or she can exercise, such as investigation and resolution procedures for research misconduct and application for the challenge.
- ⑤ If it is admitted that the person under investigation has committed research misconduct as a result of a Preliminary Investigation by the Director, a judgment on research misconduct may be made without going through the main investigation with the approval of the Committee.
- ① If the Director decides to conduct the main investigation, he or she must immediately report to the Committee information on the violations of research ethics or discovery of suspected facts, the progress of the Preliminary Investigation, the process of the main investigation, and related regulations (hereinafter referred to as “Information Related to Violation of Research Ethics”).
- ② If notified of the main investigation decision by the Director, the Chairperson must immediately convene the Research Ethics Committee, provide information related to research ethics violations, and initiate investigations into research ethics violations.
- ③ The members of the Ethics Committee may not be involved in the investigation and judgment if they have a relative relationship with the reporter or the person under investigation, have jointly conducted the research, or it is recognized that there is a risk of undermining the fairness of other investigations.
- ④ The person under investigation shall be allowed to challenge the Ethics Committee by informing him or her of the name, affiliation, and position of the Ethics Committee members, and if the person under investigation applies for a challenge, the Committee shall make a decision on it within seven (7) days and notify the person under investigation. The decision of the committee may not be appealed.
- ⑤ In investigating research ethics violations, the Committee may request attendance or data submission from the investigator, the person under investigation, and related persons, and the investigator, person under investigation, and related persons may request attendance or data submission from the Committee. If the person under investigation does not respond to the request for attendance or data submission without a justifiable reason, it is regarded as acknowledging the violation of research ethics.
- ⑥ The committee must complete the investigation within three (3) months from the start of the investigation on whether there was a violation of research ethics, make a decision on whether there was a violation of research ethics, and report it to the Director, except in special circumstances,
- ① If the Committee determines that the research ethics violation charge is acknowledged, it shall be judged as a violation of research ethics, and the research ethics violation of the person under investigation must be indicated to the Director and disciplinary action in one of the following subparagraphs must be suggested.
- 1. Cancelation of publication of paper published in 『Chonbuk Law Review』 or cancelation of publication of research results (if a part of a paper or research result violates research ethics and it is recognized that there is no need to cancel the entire paper, only the relevant part may be canceled)
- 2. Prohibition of submission to 『Chonbuk Law Review』 or participation in research conducted by the Institute for a certain period (the period may not exceed three (3) years)
- 3. A severe warning to the violator
- 4. Notice of violations of research ethics on 『Chonbuk Law Review』 and the Institute website (may be imposed along with disciplinary actions from Subparagraph 1 to 3)
- ② If the Director makes a decision under Paragraph 5 of Article 6 or receives a judgment on a research ethics violation or a disciplinary recommendation from the Committee, he or she must immediately notify the reporter and the person under investigation to that effect.
- ③ If the reporter and the person under investigation have an objection to the decision or disciplinary action of the Committee, they may file an objection with the Director within ten (10) days with their reason, and the Director must immediately notify the Committee of the objection.
- ④ If the Chairperson recognizes that the objection is well-grounded, he or she must investigate and make a decision again according to the procedure stipulated in Article 6, and if the objection is groundless, he or she shall attach an opinion on the objection and report it to the Director. However, the period of reinvestigation and judgment shall be made within one (1) month.
- ① If there is no objection from the reporter or the person under investigation, or if a report from the Chairperson in Paragraph 4 of the preceding article is received, the Director must immediately convene the Executive Committee to make a judgment on the violation of the research ethics and whether to impose disciplinary action (if it is recognized as a violation of research ethics).
- ② If there is a resolution under Paragraph 1, the Director must immediately notify the reporter and the person under investigation to that effect.
- ① The Director must organize and store information related to research ethics violation reports, research ethics violation investigations and judgments, and disciplinary decisions.
- ② If the Director deems it necessary, he or she must report the details of research ethics violations to relevant institutions such as Jeonbuk National University and the Ministry of Education and must comply with information submission requests from the authorities.
- ③ The Director, Executive Committee members, Chairperson, Ethics Committee Members, and other persons involved in the investigation of violations of research ethics shall be careful not to damage the reputation or infringe on the rights of the reporter, the person under investigation, and the persons concerned.
- ④ The Director must make efforts to educate and inform for research ethics compliance the research members of the Institute and other persons who conduct research at the Institute or publish research results in academic journals and research reports published by the Institute.
These regulations shall take effect starting Jan. 1, 2020.